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SECURITY:

How climate change, declining food sources can lead to piracy, poverty and strife

What do child slavery in Ghana, Somali piracy and the illegal global ivory trade have in common? Their root causes can all be traced back to declining wildlife populations.

At least that's the theory of a group of researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, who looked at how wildlife loss affects conflict in places where people depend on wildlife to survive.

DEFENSE:

Climate change is among top national security concerns -- experts

National security once referred only to the defense against armed conflict. But today, there is substantial evidence that national security is also affected by a variety of climate-induced threats, which are expected to become more severe in the coming decades, government leaders and military experts said yesterday. They spoke at a forum hosted by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

"National security is no longer about counting tanks, counting missiles or counting terrorist cells; it's about coping with these unprecedented changes, some of which we can foresee and some are unimaginable," said Craig Gannett, vice president of the Henry M. Jackson Foundation, which convened a meeting of 36 government, businesses and nonprofit leaders last month to discuss the intersection of national security and climate change.

FINANCE:

Environmental groups want tougher guidelines on lending by World Bank

The World Bank board of directors meets this week to move forward with new environmental policies that green groups say don't go far enough to address climate change.

The proposed safeguards aimed at minimizing harm from World Bank lending do address climate, according to a leaked July 10 draft that has been circulating. But environmental and social justice groups say the bank's new protections are weak and riddled with loopholes.

NATIONS:

China's coal-to-gas program will balloon CO2 emissions -- Greenpeace

China's efforts to combat climate change risk being thrown off course if the nation materializes its plan of converting coal into natural gas, according to an analysis issued today by environmental group Greenpeace.

China currently operates two coal-to-natural-gas demonstration projects, but there are another 48 plants under construction and planning. Once completed, those plants are expected to provide much-needed clean fuels to the country's smog-choked east, potentially replacing power from existing coal plants.

CARBON CAPTURE:

New technologies await 'discussions' to extend U.S.-China partnership

The U.S. government may be a few months away from renewing a $150 million clean energy research partnership with China, according to a senior U.S. adviser on the program, and he suggested that researchers on both sides of the Pacific have a strong idea about what they would want to spend the new funds on.

The program, announced in November 2009 by President Obama and Chinese President Hu Jintao, is nearing the end of its five-year funding plan that supports research in three broad areas: clean coal technology, building efficiency and clean vehicles. Jim Wood, director of the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center's Advanced Coal Technology Consortium, said during a presentation in Washington, D.C., that there are likely to be "discussions" about renewing the program for another five years.

About this report

E&E tracks work on a post-Kyoto agreement for curbing emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases.

Negotiations

Major Economies

China, India

Developing Countries