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NEGOTIATIONS:

Yearlong U.S. bargaining with China led to deal that could be the cornerstone of a Paris agreement

U.S. Special Envoy for Climate Change Todd Stern said yesterday that a landmark deal President Obama struck with Chinese President Xi Jinping to curb greenhouse gas emissions has given positive momentum to the upcoming U.N. negotiations.

But, Stern said, major hurdles remain for diplomats meeting in Lima, Peru, next week to prepare the details of a new global agreement that could be signed next year in Paris.

CLIMATE:

Greens hope Obama's pledges fuel world ambition in Lima

Negotiators will converge on Lima, Peru, one week from today for the final round of U.N. climate change talks before next year's Paris summit, which is intended to produce an agreement on emissions and finance.

This year's U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change negotiations will set the scene for that long-sought deal, and will also show whether the political capital that President Obama has spent on climate change domestically in the past two years will translate to the international arena.

NEGOTIATIONS:

Did the U.S.-China climate deal break up a powerful bloc of developing nations?

As diplomats from more than 200 countries prepare for annual U.N. climate change negotiations next week, the traditional battle lines between developed and developing nations have never been in greater disarray.

The first blow came in the form of a landmark deal between the United States and China that saw Chinese President Xi Jinping standing with President Obama to announce that his country will unilaterally peak carbon emissions by 2030. Then a handful of poor countries like Panama and Mongolia decided to chip in to an international climate fund, with even more developing countries expected to deliver financial pledges in the coming weeks.

FINANCE:

Nations pledge $9.5B to Green Climate Fund

Rich and poor countries alike pledged a total of $9.5 billion yesterday to help developing countries curb greenhouse gas emissions and prepare for the impacts of global warming.

The money to the Green Climate Fund, led by a $3 billion commitment from the United States, does not quite reach the low end of the $10 billion to $15 billion bar that activists had imposed for yesterday's pledging meeting in Berlin.

NATIONS:

Calif. teams with India on early step toward cleaner air

LOS ANGELES -- California is working with India on developing a system for measuring pollutants, a key step in developing future clean air plans, the head of the Golden State's Air Resources Board said.

"What we are going to be doing is working with them to develop a national air monitoring system that can help address what clearly is a major environmental and health crisis in that country," ARB Chairwoman Mary Nichols said in an interview here.

About this report

E&E tracks work on a post-Kyoto agreement for curbing emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases.

Negotiations

Major Economies

China, India

Developing Countries